La question de la finitude dans la pensée de Hegel

par Arif Yildiz

Projet de thèse en Philosophie

Sous la direction de Christophe Bouton.

Thèses en préparation à Bordeaux 3 , dans le cadre de Montaigne-Humanités , en partenariat avec Sciences, Philosophie, Humanités (Bordeaux) (equipe de recherche) depuis le 27-11-2012 .


  • Résumé

    Le problème que nous allons étudier est marqué par deux concepts : infinitude et finitude, ou bien illimité et limité. Nous allons limiter notre étude au système hégélien, dans sa relation à la philosophie antique (Platon, Aristote) et à la philosophie française contemporaine (Derrida, Jean-Luc Nancy). Chez Hegel, l’infinité ne se dit pas d’une seule façon. C'est ce que nous proposons de traiter notamment dans l’encyclopédie tout entière. Sous cet angle, nous voulons conceptualiser comment cette opposition de la finitude et de l’infini détermine le processus dialectique qui commence avec la logique, passe par la philosophie de la nature, et parvient à la philosophie de l’esprit. Nous traiterons de ses aspects différents dans le système hégélien de la maturité.

  • Titre traduit

    The question of finitude in Hegelian thought


  • Résumé

    In this thesis, we aim to interrogate the relation between two important concepts in hegel’s work, namely the finitude and infinity. But our study will search this problem from Hegel’s relation to the ancient Greek thought (Plato and Aristotle) to the contemporary French philosophy ( derrida, jean-Luc Nancy). In order to grasp our problem, we will focus especially on the philosophical framework of The Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences. By doing so, we will conceptualize our problem by treating threefold of system: The Science of Logic, The philosophy of nature and the philosophy of spirit. The first consideration will give us the exact meaning of the finitude according to Logic. The second moment will show how the relation of finitude and infinity was treated by the means of philosophy of nature. And we can deal with the problems of Hegelian time and space , eternity, time of spirit, absolute presence and finally the Hegelian understanding of history. So, in the third moment of encyclopedia, we will try to demonstrate how the concept of spirit becomes idea as a living unity of absolute. Close reading of each chapter of these moments will reveal further readings on Hegelian understanding or reception of finitude and infinity of history of philosophy. We will try to answer how much Hegel benefits the heritage of Plato and Aristotle’s points of view. Can we establish a solid relation entre these philosophers? If so, how much did Hegel contribute to modify the problem of finitude and infinity? After these considerations, our study will also try to treat a contemporary reading of our problem. We will mainly concentrate on writings of J. Derrida and Jean-Luc Nancy. Since the problem of finitude and infinity is still a vivid topic, we will use the commentaries of contemporary French philosophy in order to show the situation Hegelian thought in the modern times.