Projet de thèse en Histoire contemporaine de l'Europe
Thèses en préparation à Strasbourg en cotutelle avec l'Université du Luxembourg , dans le cadre de École doctorale Sciences humaines et sociales – Perspectives européennes (Strasbourg) depuis le 07-12-2012 .
Since the seventies, the European framework played an active role in promoting the regional scale -from which the Euro regions come from- and the academic mobility, with several incentive measures. Hit by an industrial crisis, it is also in this context that the “Saar-Lor-Lux” cross-border cooperation emerges. Even though socio-economic and spatial planning measures took priority over other subjects, higher education and research was soon considered as a significant issue for the young institution. This research aims at understanding how cross-border cooperations came to integrate this field into a neighbourhood policy and if it obeys a global strategy. Necessarily directed toward the international level, higher education and research not only covers the cultural aspect of the cooperation by expanding university partnerships, but more particularly, promises to give a new impulse to the territory. The central hypothesis is that the cross-border institution so took the benefits offered by this field to support its redevelopment. From their part, the academics contributed to build the cooperation through their research works and networks. The Saar-Lor-Lux region and, after several enlargements, the so-called “Greater Region” will be used to illustrate this investigation. Its specificity mainly lies in its geographical position (the former “steel triangle”) and history (the Franco-German relationship) but also because of its institutional partnership that implies four countries, among a State (Luxembourg). Three approaches are privileged: comparative, to determine the specificities of the Saar-Lor- Lux/Greater Region with similar institutions, such as the Upper Rhine region; sociological, using the prosopographic method and the network’s theory; finally, the main approach, the historical one, so as to replace each changes in their context.
Cross-border cooperation towards Higher Education and Research : the example of the SaarLorLux-Greater Region (1975-2008)
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