The Formation of Constitutional Rule : the Politics of Ottomanism between de jure and de facto (1908-1913)

par Baris Zeren

Projet de thèse en Études turques et centre-asiatiques


Sous la direction de Nathalie Clayer et de Zafer Toprak.

Thèses en préparation à Paris, EHESS en cotutelle avec Boǧaziçi üniversitesi (Istanbul) , dans le cadre de École doctorale de l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales depuis le 26-11-2009 .

  • Titre traduit

    La Formation du Régime Constitutionnel : la Politique d'Ottomanisme entre de jure et de facto (1908-1913)


  • Résumé

    The dissertation examines the functioning of constitutional rule on a legal and administrative structure inherited from the "old regime.” As this Ottomanism, which was officially and publicly referred as "the unity of elements" (ittihad-ı anasır) primarily concerned constructing a new governing body depending upon the promise of parliamentarianism and the rule of constitutional norms, the dissertation focuses on the legislative and administrative experience starting in spring 1909 until the outbreak of the Balkan Wars. in its interaction with Rumelia, as the source of the crisis related with the Christian socio-political actors inherited from the old regime. To this end, the study follows the enactment and enforcement phases of certain critical laws — the martial law and the law on the conscription of non-Muslims to the Ottoman army — with specific emphasis and various Macedonian-Bulgarian and Hellenist political networks. Tracing the tensions and strategies evolving around these laws within and between official and civil political actors in Istanbul and Rumelia, the dissertation demonstrates deviations in the interpretation of the Kanun-ı Esasi by various representatives of Macedonian-Bulgarism and Hellenism, the heterogeneity of central and local political actors, and the effective role of local struggles in the development of constitutional sovereignty.


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