Macroeconomic Networks : Structure, Dynamics and Evolution

par Reelika Parve

Projet de thèse en Sciences économiques

Sous la direction de Patrick Llerena et de Giorgio Fagiolo.

Thèses en préparation à Strasbourg en cotutelle avec l'Università degli studi (Pise, Italie) , dans le cadre de École doctorale Augustin Cournot (Strasbourg) depuis le 06-10-2010 .


  • Résumé

    When the mainstream view in international economics prefers to look at the competitiveness considering trade advantages and the different reasons for a country's specialization (differences in productivity, presence and influence of innovative activities, delocalization and outsourcing activities and so on) i'm going to study and explore the linkages established between firms and industries considering these connections from a complex network perspective. different approaches to the competitiveness gains at international level have to be taken into account. the most relevant sources for improvements in the competiveness at are undoubtedly technology and innovation, but also the organizational structure of a firm/industry can reveal why some trading sectors have had a better performance than others. another key variable to study international trade is the role of the government and public sector (support for export markets etc) to boost and sustain national competitiveness. in addition, the presence of some other institutional agents (trade unions, export promoting agencies) can be taken into account to evaluate the different outcomes in different branches. looking at the trade from the point of view of economic network means to look at the nodes, i.e. agents, which in this case represent exporting firms (which can also be grouped into industries to identify the ) and links are export-import relationships that has been established between firms. the dynamics of these links are of sure interest to understand the evolution of trade patterns over time.


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