Le catégories grammaticales en contact: Le cas de Batsbi, une langue en danger dans le Caucase

par Jesse Wichers Schreur

Projet de thèse en Linguistique

Sous la direction de Gilles Authier et de Monika Rind-pawlowski.

Thèses en préparation à Paris Sciences et Lettres en cotutelle avec l'Université Johann Wolfgang Goethe de Francfort , dans le cadre de École doctorale de l'École pratique des hautes études , en partenariat avec Proche-Orient, Caucase : Langues, Archéologie, Cultures (laboratoire) et de EPHE PARIS (établissement opérateur d'inscription) depuis le 31-01-2018 .

  • Titre traduit

    Parts of speech in contact: The case of Batsbi, an endangered language of the Caucasus


  • Résumé

    Batsbi, also called Bats, or Tsova-Tush, is a Nakh-Daghestanian (i.e. East Caucasian) language spoken in the village of Zemo Alvani, in the northeastern part of the country of Georgia. It belongs to the Nakh branch of East Caucasian. The language is spoken by approximately 500 people, who ethnically self-identify as members of the Tsova clan of the Tush people, a subgroup of the Georgian ethnic identity. All speakers are fluent in Georgian, which is the language of writing, media, public administration, education, and communication with other Georgians. It has to be taken into account that half of the village of Zemo Alvani is inhabited by members of other Tush clans, who do not speak Batsbi, but an archaic Georgian dialect. Furthermore, the language is hardly, if at all, transmitted to the generation under the age of 30. Out of the approximately 180 school children (age 6-18) of Zemo Alvani, only 4% claim to be able to speak Batsbi, while 60% claim their parents speak it in and around the house. These two facts, along with the lack of any support from the Georgian government or other institutions, give reason to believe that the language will disappear within the next two generations. This thesis will describe the extra-linguistic history of Batsbi, gives a large introduction to its sociolinguistics, after which topics of contact-induced grammatical change will be described: Phonological change; gender assignment; development of person marking; the noun phrase; subordination; light verbs and transitivity; preverbs and valence.