Essais sur les effets de sélection de l'accès à l'avortement

par António Melo (Ludovice paixao de melo)

Projet de thèse en Sciences Economiques

Sous la direction de Eve Caroli.

Thèses en préparation à l'Université Paris sciences et lettres , dans le cadre de SDOSE Sciences de la Décision, des Organisations, de la Société et de l'Echange , en partenariat avec Laboratoire d'Économie de Dauphine (laboratoire) et de UNIVERSITE PARIS DAUPHINE - PSL (établissement opérateur d'inscription) depuis le 28-10-2019 .


  • Résumé

    Abortion was legalized in Portugal in 2007 until ten weeks of gestational age. Evidence from the XXth century shows that legalizing abortion had a negative impact on fertility. Nevertheless, given the high levels of use of other contraception methods in modern and developed societies, this relationship between abortion and birth rates may no longer hold. I will study the impact of abortion legalization on fertility and estimate how access to abortion, as measured by distance to an abortion provider and congestion of abortion centers, affects the demand for abortion, the abortion method employed, women's contraceptive behavior, children's birth weight, academic performance, and early-life conditions. To do so, I will use micro-data on legal abortions, hospitalizations due to illegal abortions, births , results at 4th and 5th-grade national exams, Census data on living conditions and sales of contraceptive pills. The main contributions of this thesis to the literature will be as follows. Firstly, since contraception methods were multiple and widely available when abortion was legalized, I will analyze the substitution effects between abortion and contraception. Secondly, I will estimate the effect of abortion access on illegal abortion demand in Portugal. Thirdly, selection effects of abortion will be assessed using administrative, population-wide data, while the literature has relied on surveys. Finally, it will be the first study to analyze the selection effect of abortion on early academic performance.

  • Titre traduit

    Essays on the selection effects of abortion access


  • Résumé

    Abortion was legalized in Portugal in 2007 until ten weeks of gestational age. Evidence from the XXth century shows that legalizing abortion had a negative impact on fertility. Nevertheless, given the high levels of use of other contraception methods in modern and developed societies, this relationship between abortion and birth rates may no longer hold. I will study the impact of abortion legalization on fertility and estimate how access to abortion, as measured by distance to an abortion provider and congestion of abortion centers, affects the demand for abortion, the abortion method employed, women's contraceptive behavior, children's birth weight, academic performance, and early-life conditions. To do so, I will use micro-data on legal abortions, hospitalizations due to illegal abortions, births , results at 4th and 5th-grade national exams, Census data on living conditions and sales of contraceptive pills. The main contributions of this thesis to the literature will be as follows. Firstly, since contraception methods were multiple and widely available when abortion was legalized, I will analyze the substitution effects between abortion and contraception. Secondly, I will estimate the effect of abortion access on illegal abortion demand in Portugal. Thirdly, selection effects of abortion will be assessed using administrative, population-wide data, while the literature has relied on surveys. Finally, it will be the first study to analyze the selection effect of abortion on early academic performance.