Approche techno-culturelle de la fracturation des os longs chez les Néandertaliens (Sud-Ouest de l'Europe, MIS 5-3) : une systématisation des gestes ?

par Delphine Vettese

Projet de thèse en Quaternaire et Préhistoire

Sous la direction de Marta Arzarello et de Marta Arzarello.

  • Titre traduit

    Techno-cultural approach of long bone breakage within Neandertal groups (Southwestern of Europe MIS 3-5) : standardized gestures ?

  • Résumé

    In the Neandertal site of Bolomor (Spain) the analysis of percussion impacts have shown that the groups which occupied the level IV shared the same butchery tradition. However, at the Abri du Maras (level 4.1), a similar study failed in identifying such intergenerational transmission of marrow recovery practices by Neandertal groups. The main objectives of this PhD thesis are: 1) try to identify the presence of Neandertal groups sharing similar butchery traditions in Southwestern Europe (Southeastern France and Northern Italy, MIS 3-5) and 2) understand the factors underlying such a presence or absence of cultural butchery practices and obtain a better knowledge in the process of marrow recovering. Before to determine the presence or not of a butchery tradition based upon percussion marks, we wanted to discern systematic and counter intuitive patterns. For that we performed experimentations about intuitiveness. Indeed, we would like to know if the specific morphology of long bones could influence the percussion patterns or if we could notice an intuitive preferential way for long bone breakage process. At the end of this doctoral project, we would like to bring new data to better approach Neandertal cognition and socio-cultural behaviours.