Les enjeux sociaux et économiques de la certification. Qui en profite? Le cas du cacao en Afrique de l'Ouest

par Enrique Uribe Leitz

Projet de thèse en Sciences Économiques

Sous la direction de François Ruf et de Kees Burger.

Thèses en préparation à Montpellier, SupAgro en cotutelle avec Wageningen University (WUR) , dans le cadre de École doctorale Economie Gestion de Montpellier (2015-.... ; Montpellier) , en partenariat avec INNOVATION - Innovation et développement dans l'agriculture et l'agro-alimentaire (laboratoire) depuis le 01-09-2012 .


  • Résumé

    Product and process certification schemes have gained in the last years a very important role in the industry. This is reflected in the many schemes, which came into the market in the last few years and in the increase of certificate number per schemes like Organic, UTZ-Certified, Rain Forest Alliance and Fair Trade just to mention a few. These schemes face many difficulties and deficiencies, which can be reflected e.g.: in the absence of coordination between monitoring agencies, the questioning of credibility of third-party certification by external stakeholders, multi-certification practices, integrity issues, transparency doubts, mass balance problems on producer side and throughout the chain of custody overall (non-certified selled as certified). This research will focus on the influence and reaction mechanisms behind the certification business on the case of the cocoa. This includes: the schemes themselves, the producers using them, the certification/inspection bodies certifying the sector as well as the middle man handling certified products and of course the industry manufacturing products containing “certified” cocoa and finally the consumers that buy this products. The research field and aim of this project are perfectly in line with the UMR-Innovation ideal and will contribute to the extension and enforcement of the knowledge gained through various currently on-going projects related to cocoa.

  • Titre traduit

    The social and economic stakes of Certification. Who is benefiting? The case of cocoa in West-Africa


  • Résumé

    Product and process certification schemes have gained in the last years a very important role in the industry. This is reflected in the many schemes, which came into the market in the last few years and in the increase of certificate number per schemes like Organic, UTZ-Certified, Rain Forest Alliance and Fair Trade just to mention a few. These schemes face many difficulties and deficiencies, which can be reflected e.g.: in the absence of coordination between monitoring agencies, the questioning of credibility of third-party certification by external stakeholders, multi-certification practices, integrity issues, transparency doubts, mass balance problems on producer side and throughout the chain of custody overall (non-certified selled as certified). This research will focus on the influence and reaction mechanisms behind the certification business on the case of the cocoa. This includes: the schemes themselves, the producers using them, the certification/inspection bodies certifying the sector as well as the middle man handling certified products and of course the industry manufacturing products containing “certified” cocoa and finally the consumers that buy this products. The research field and aim of this project are perfectly in line with the UMR-Innovation ideal and will contribute to the extension and enforcement of the knowledge gained through various currently on-going projects related to cocoa.