Les images de media des États-Unis dans la presse russe et dans la press française après l'annexe de Crimea en 2014.

par Karolina Lovejoy (Karolina)

Projet de thèse en Sciences de l'information et de la communication

Sous la direction de Joanna Nowicki.

Thèses en préparation à Cergy-Pontoise en cotutelle avec l'Universite de Varsovie , dans le cadre de ED DSH - Droit et Sciences Humaines , en partenariat avec Civilisations et identités culturelles comparée des sociétés européennes et occidentales (laboratoire) depuis le 12-10-2015 .

  • Titre traduit

    The media images of the United States in the French and the Russian weekly magazines after the annexation of the Crimea.

  • Résumé

    “Media images of the United States in the French and American weekly magazines after annexation of Crimea in 2014” RESEARCH QUESTION: Do the images reveal two different forms of contemporary Anti-Americanism? How are they different and why are they different? THEORY: Collective Narcissism theory: Research reveals that collective narcissism is a form of high but unstable collective self-esteem that needs constant, external validation, but accepts no validation as sufficient. The unacknowledged doubts about the in-group's greatness may motivate collective narcissists constantly to seek signs of criticism or disrespect of the in-group. The habitual emotional reaction to such signs is anger related to the tendency to punish those who undermine the greatness of the in-group. Just as individual narcissists, the narcissistic groups respond with anger and aggression to perceived insult, criticism and humiliation. HYPOHTESIS: Russia is a collective classic narcissist and France is a covert narcissist in their attitude towards the United States. I argue that anti-American sentiments found in the Russian press are the narcissistic reactions of the collective narcissistic Russian attitude that perceives the United States as the most important source of external validation and at the same time as the one that is chronically threatening. I argue, moreover, that the annexation of the Crimea can be compared to an act of narcissistic rage- a common reaction to the insulted ego. France is more subtle in its contemporary anti-American reactions however its narcissistic roots are clearly visible upon the analysis of its weekly magazines. TIME FRAME: Annexation of Crimea- until the end of 2015. Annexation of Crimea seen as the ultimate end of the post Cold War period- the end of illusions such as “the end of the history” or the belief in common implicit rules in international relations. Russia switches its address to “non-West.” WHY IS IT IMPORTANT: After the end of the post cold war order a new understanding is needed for those influencing foreign politics and media images in order to make informed decisions. America still is a major world power and its “capacity to influence international events constructively depends on how the world perceives its social system and its global role”. WEEKLY MAGAZINES CONSIDERED: Russia: “Argumenty i Fakty”, “Kommersant Vlast'”, “Novaya Gazeta” France: “Le Nouvel Observateur”, “Le Point”, “L'Express”. METHODS: Content analysis of the press articles.