Trois essais en microéconométrie de la santé

par Amélie Adeline

Projet de thèse en Sciences économiques - EM2C

Sous la direction de Eric Delattre.

Thèses en préparation à Cergy-Pontoise , dans le cadre de ED EM2P - Economie, Management, Mathématiques et Physique , en partenariat avec Théorie économique, modélisation et applications (laboratoire) depuis le 01-10-2015 .


  • Résumé

    Dans cette thèse, nous regardons la relation entre santé et revenu dans un premier temps puis nous nous focalisons sur un problème de santé publique: le tabac, où nous souhaitons identifier les déterminants individuels qui interviennent dans la décision de fumer.

  • Titre traduit

    Three essays on health microeconometrics


  • Résumé

    This thesis aims to present the major factors driving differences in health inequality level across European countries over time. Despite public policies implemented by the European Union to reduce these inequalities, large differences still exist between and within all European countries. Several studies show that, concerning the determinants of health, the accumulated causes and the combination of their effects influence the health status. Researchers need to focus on health inequalities issues in order to implement efficient public policies whose aim is to improve average population health. Income-related health inequalities have gained much attention in recent years. Indeed, many developed countries have experienced an increase in income inequalities during the past decades. Socially based disparities in health status continue to worry even the most egalitarian societies despite the public policies that aim to reduce or eliminate them. Europe has a long history of developing social protection systems which are implemented in the egalitarian tradition. Health care is no exception and most European Union member states have long achieved fairly universal coverage for their populations for a rather comprehensive package of health care services. At each stage of life, health status is characterized by complex interactions among current individual socio-economic factors and individual health behaviors such as the smoking prevalence. In 2003, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control has been implemented and developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic. Smoking prevalence is an important component of the di erence in death rates between countries. As a result, governments need appropriate public policies to curb individual smoking and to inform people concerning health damages that result from smoking. It is the European Commission which has identified the need for scientific knowledge about ageing people in Europe. In 2050, one in three Europeans will be over 60 years old and one in ten will be over 85 years old. This demographic change raises economic issues as senior employment, retirement or addiction. The goal of this thesis is to test hypotheses concerning income-related health inequalities and the redistribution effect using microeconomic databases (SHARE survey, Eurostat databases).