L'utilisation des techniques d'art-thérapie dans les stratégies d'adaptation chez les enfants de sept à dix-huit ans atteints d'une maladie chronique

par Genta Kulari

Thèse de doctorat en Santé, populations et politiques sociales

Sous la direction de Philippe Roussin.

Thèses en préparation à Paris Sciences et Lettres en cotutelle avec l'Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública , dans le cadre de École doctorale de l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales , en partenariat avec Paris, EHESS (établissement de préparation de la thèse) depuis le 02-04-2014 .


  • Résumé

    Few research studies have been conducted specifically focused on the change process in medical art therapy. A need for more intervention research in art therapy has been established. This research study focused on the results of an intervention study evaluating the use of art therapy with children coping with a chronic disease. Both baseline and after art intervention measures were employed to support the use of art intervention techniques with children diagnosed with a chronic disease to encourage verbal expressions of pain and modify coping strategies such as problem solving in response to the emotional burden of chronic disease and identify specific pivotal moments that bring about change process. Art intervention techniques were combined with Solution-Focused therapy approach (de Shazer, 1991) to create a treatment plan for children 7-18 years old diagnosed with a chronic disease. Twelve children with chronic disease at the Hospital Santa Maria, Portugal, were randomized to an active art therapy or reference comparative group . Those in active group participated in seven sessions of art intervention for 60 minutes. Measures taken at the baseline, and after the final art intervention session including Formal Elements Art Therapy Scale applied to the Person Picking an Apple from the Tree scale, children version of Pain Coping Questionnaire, Adolescent Pediatric Pain Tool, and KidCope. The children assigned to the reference comparative group completed all evaluations at the same intervals as the children receiving art therapy but did not receive art therapy intervention. The results of this study revealed that children who received art intervention services significantly increased their vocabulary describing pain as measured by APPT, and manifested more active coping strategies while dealing with the chronic disease, measured by PCQ and KidCope. The changing moments identified through the description of the seven intervention sessions, were measured from the post-session PPAT measuring Problem Solving coping strategy main scale factor.

  • Titre traduit

    Art therapy techniques to improve coping strategies in children 7-18 years old with a chronic disease.


  • Résumé

    Few research studies have been conducted specifically focused on the change process in medical art therapy. A need for more intervention research in art therapy has been established. This research study focused on the results of an intervention study evaluating the use of art therapy with children coping with a chronic disease. Both baseline and after art intervention measures were employed to support the use of art intervention techniques with children diagnosed with a chronic disease to encourage verbal expressions of pain and modify coping strategies such as problem solving in response to the emotional burden of chronic disease and identify specific pivotal moments that bring about change process. Art intervention techniques were combined with Solution-Focused therapy approach (de Shazer, 1991) to create a treatment plan for children 7-18 years old diagnosed with a chronic disease. Twelve children with chronic disease at the Hospital Santa Maria, Portugal, were randomized to an active art therapy or reference comparative group . Those in active group participated in seven sessions of art intervention for 60 minutes. Measures taken at the baseline, and after the final art intervention session including Formal Elements Art Therapy Scale applied to the Person Picking an Apple from the Tree scale, children version of Pain Coping Questionnaire, Adolescent Pediatric Pain Tool, and KidCope. The children assigned to the reference comparative group completed all evaluations at the same intervals as the children receiving art therapy but did not receive art therapy intervention. The results of this study revealed that children who received art intervention services significantly increased their vocabulary describing pain as measured by APPT, and manifested more active coping strategies while dealing with the chronic disease, measured by PCQ and KidCope. The changing moments identified through the description of the seven intervention sessions, were measured from the post-session PPAT measuring Problem Solving coping strategy main scale factor.