Projet de thèse en Droit public
Sous la direction de Horatia Muir Watt.
Le Droit et l'écologie des autres
Environmental studies (from environmental anthropology and sociology to critical geography and environmental ethics) are increasingly highlighting the fact that, within each society, a great diversity of relationships to the environment coexists. When conflicting, these relationships can lead to legal disputes, with issues spanning from subsistence and ritual hunting of protected species, to management of sacred sites or animal sacrifices. The general question this dissertation would like to address is the way and the extent to which this situation—generally referred to as “multinaturalism”, or “ontological/cosmological pluralism”—is reflected in legal decision-making. This interrogation of course relates to the more general and quite sensitive debate—although still almost inexistent in France—about the relevance of culture to legal decisions—and the ethical, philosophical, and social justice issues that permeate this debate. In order to investigate these questions, this dissertation will explore the involvement of both anthropologists and anthropological knowledge in these legal disputes, and will try to assess the extent to which anthropology can play a mediation role between courts and the cultural background of Others.
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