L’articulation discours-récit dans les Histoires d’Hérodote

by Maria Kazanskaya

Doctoral thesis in Études grecques

Under the supervision of Markus Egetmeyer and Alexandre Gavrilov.

defended on 08-12-2012

in Paris 4 and the jointly supervising institution Sankt-Peterburgskij gosudarstvennyj universitet , under the authority of École doctorale Mondes anciens et médiévaux (Paris) , in a partnership with EDITTA (Édition, Interprétation, Traduction des Textes Anciens) (Paris) (équipe de recherche) .

Thesis committee President: Daniel Petit.

Thesis committee members: Markus Egetmeyer, Alexandre Gavrilov, Irene J. F. de Jong, Didier Marcotte, Paul Demont.

  • Alternative Title

    Articulation of the Boundary between Speech and Narrative in the Histories of Herodotus


  • Abstract

    This thesis examines the insertion of direct speech in Herodotus’ narrative, and in particular, the ways in which the transition between the two may be demarcated. The articulation of the boundary between direct speech and narrative is understood in a wide sense, comprising not only the phrases that mark the beginning and the end of the speech, but other elements as well (such as distinction between the style adapted to authorial narrative and that adapted to the characters’ speeches; the use of addresses; the distribution of information between the speech and narrative; etc.). The boundary between speech and narrative is of the most delicate kind and the author is obliged to be very careful when denoting it: on the one hand, he must indicate clearly the beginning and the end of a character’s speech, without endangering at the same time the continuity of his own text. The distribution of the information between the authorial narrative and the characters’ speeches also demands much attention, for the logical structure of the episode depends on it. After a general introduction, the bulk of the work consists of a commentary of all the direct speeches, as well as of the oracles, letters, and inscriptions that Herodotus quotes. The approach is mainly a stylistic one.


  • Abstract

    Cette thèse est consacrée à l’insertion des discours directs dans les Histoires d’Hérodote, et notamment à la manière dont l’historien articule la transition entre le discours d’un personnage et son propre récit. L’articulation discours-récit est prise au sens large, puisque l’étude tient compte non seulement des chevilles qui dénotent le début et la fin du discours, mais aussi d’autres phénomènes tels que la distinction entre le style autorial et celui des discours, l’emploi des apostrophes, la répartition de l’information et entre le discours et le récit, etc. La frontière qui sépare le discours et le récit étant une des plus délicates, sa démarcation demande une grande finesse de la part de l’auteur, qui doit savoir l’indiquer sans pourtant rompre la continuité de son texte, et adapter la répartition de l’information à ses besoins narratifs, ainsi qu’à la logique de chaque épisode. Après une introduction générale, la grande partie du travail consiste en un commentaire de l’ensemble des discours directs des Histoires, ainsi que des oracles et inscriptions cités par Hérodote. L’approche de ce commentaire est principalement stylistique.


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  • Library : Université de Paris-Sorbonne. Service commun de la documentation. Bibliothèque électronique.
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