La guerre du mais : essai de reconstruction historique de la formation sociale tupi - guarani, quinzieme - seizieme siecles

by Noemi Diaz-Martinez

Doctoral thesis in Anthropologie

Under the supervision of Louis-Vincent Thomas.

defended on 1990

in Paris 5 .

  • Alternative Title

    The maiz war : historical reconstruction attempt of the tupi-guarani, fiftenth - sixtenth centuries

  • Abstract

    If one tries to place oneself in relation with historical materialism, and if one of the aspects of this argumentation system reglect the history of the communist "primitive" societies, should we deny the history of the communist mode of tupi-guarani? to answer this question one can try a different approach of marx and engels conceptions and of the history of tupi-guaranis. Before america's "discovery" the tupi-guarani social formation who used to be egalitarian was getting developped on the maiz war production and on the political nomadism of the pajes. However that political and warlikemode was made up with differences: the women who were accumulmated by polygamous machinery and, anthropophagy which was a social act of accumulating and of consumption of the working force or human energy of the other. Humain being is the wealth who has become the exchange value controled by leaders. The leaders receive and give women and captifs. The tupi-guarani then exchange these values, with the conquerors, for the revolutionary means that they consider as having the same value because the main mean of production is human energy: working force inequally accumulated. This differences were one of the conditions which enabled the conquerors' settlement.

  • Abstract

    Si on essaye de se situer dans la perspective du materialisme historique et si un des raisonnements de son systeme neglige l'histoire des societes communistes "primitives", doit-on nier l'histoire de la modalite communiste tupi-guarani? pour repondre a cette question on peut oser une approche differente des conceptions de marx et engels et de l'histoire des tupi-guarani. Avant la "decouverte" de l'amerique, la formation sociale tupiguarani - a tendance egalitaire - se developpait sur la production de la guerre du mais et le nomadisme politique des paje. Mais cette modalite politico - guerriere comportait des inegalites: l'accumulation des femmes par l'appareil polygamique et l'anthropophagie, acte social d'accumulation et de consommation de la force de travail ou energie humaine de l'autre. C'est pourquoi la richesse est l'humain, qui est la valeur d'echange controlee par les dirigeants. Ils recoivent et donnent des femmes et des captifs. Ainsi, quand les conquerants arrivent, les tupi-guarani echangent ces valeurs contre les moyens revolutionnaires qu'ils estiment d'egale valeur car le principal moyen de production est l'energie humaine - force de travail accumulee inegalement. Et ces inegalites furent une des conditions qui permirent l'etablissement des conquerants.

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Version is available as a paper


  • Details : 2 vol. (486 f.)
  • Notes : Publication autorisée par le jury

Where is this thesis?

  • Library : Université Paris Descartes - Bibliothèque de Sciences Humaines et Sociales Descartes - CNRS (Paris). Service commun de la documentation.
  • Available on site in the applicant institution
  • Library : Centre Technique du Livre de l'Enseignement supérieur (Marne-la-Vallée, Seine-et-Marne).
  • Available for PEB
  • Odds : I 4= 15143-<1,2>

This version is also available in microfiche :

  • Library : Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire de Strasbourg.
  • Unvailable for PEB
  • Odds : TH.MF.PA5.LETT.1990
  • Library : Bibliothèque interuniversitaire de la Sorbonne (Paris).
  • Unvailable for PEB
  • Odds : TMC 92-174
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