Thèse de doctorat en Géographie
Sous la direction de François Bousquet.
Soutenue en 2013
à Paris 10 .
Pas de résumé disponible.
Institutional arrangements and mental models in common pool resources management
The question that addresses this research is about the role of mental models in the institutional arrangements for common pool resource management. In this field exists a cognitive conflict when different actors define use and management problems of common pool resources. Mental models are used for institutional design. Several actors, to structure commons problems, use different mental models. Mental models influence institutions intended to solve such problems. The conceptual framework of the study included commons dilemmas, institutional analysis, socio ecological systems and mental models concepts. Three case studies in Colombia (South America) were chosen to study the above question: an artisanal fisheries village (Caribbean), a communitarian aqueduct (Andes), and a forestry community (Pacific coast). A multi—method framework was designed that included a first phase I of economic experiments, surveys and interviews with resource users. The experiments were designed to capture the commons dilemma in each case: fishing, water and forestry. These experiments simulated also the dynamic complexity of each of the resources. The experiments simulated three types of voted rules as solution to the cooperation dilemma. Resource users from the three case studies participated in the experiments. A second phase was done using the companion modeling approach (ComMod) approach. The experimental setting was used to start a co-construction of a role playing game with a group of users in each village. Once the new game was designed a group of users were invited to play the new game. A new set of interviews was applied. Institutional analysis and mental models studies were done. Among the more relevant findings is the necessity of including the study of morality systems to understand the relation between decision-making, rule design and compliance, and mental models. A conceptual framework for evaluate the outcomes of the action arena is proposed.