Thèse de doctorat en Génie civil
Sous la direction de Marc Fivel.
Soutenue le 15-04-2011
à Grenoble en cotutelle avec l'UNIVERSITE DE GRENOBLE, dans le cadre de INGENIERIE- MATERIAUX MECANIQUE ENERGETIQUE ENVIRONNEMENT PROCEDES PRODUCTION (510), en partenariat avec Sciences et Ingénieurie des Matériaux et des Procédés (équipe de recherche) .
Le président du jury était Edgar Rauch.
Le jury était composé de Marc Fivel, Daniel Weygand, Erica Lilleoden, Jean-michel Hupe, Sophie Soury-lavergne, Pierre eymard Biron.
Les rapporteurs étaient Heung nam Han, Marc Legros, Holger Schwenk.
Etudes submicroniques de la plasticité du monocristal de Mg.
A combined experimental and computational investigation of the deformation behavior of pure magnesium single crystal at the micron length scale has been carried out. Employing the recently exploited method of microcompression testing, uniaxial microcompression experiments have been performed on magnesium single crystals with , [2-1-12], [10-11], [11-20] and [10-10] compression axes. The advantage of the microcompression method over conventional mechanical testing techniques is the ability to localize a single crystalline volume which is characterizable after deformation. The stress-strain relations resulting from microcompression experiments are presented and discussed in terms of orientation dependent slip activity, twinning mechanisms and an anisotropic size effect. Such a mechanistic picture of the deformation behavior is revealed through SEM, EBSD and TEM characterization of the deformation structures, and further supported by 3D discrete dislocation dynamics simulations. The , [2-1-12], and [10-11] compression axes results show dislocation plasticity. Specifically, the deformation due to  compression is governed by pyramidal slip and displays significant hardening and massive unstable shear at stresses above 500MPa. In the case of the two orientations with compression along an axis 45 degrees to the basal plane, unsurpringly it is found that basal slip dominates the deformation. In contrast, compression along the [11-20] and [10-10] directions show deformation twinning in addition to dislocation plasticity. In the case of compression along [11-20], the twinning leads to easy basal slip, while the twin resultant during compression along [10-10] does not lead to easy basal slip. In all cases, a size effect in the stress-strain behavior is observed; the flow stress increases with decreasing column diameter. Furthermore, the extent of the size effect is shown to depend strongly on the number of active slip systems; compression along the  axis is associated with 12 slips systems and displays a saturation of the size effect at a diameter of 10μm, while the other orientations still show a significant size effect at this diameter. The experimental evidence of an orientation-dependent deformation behavior in flow stress has been investigated by 3D discrete dislocation dynamics simulations. Here, the code TRIDIS was modified for hcp structure and c/a ratio of Mg. By matching the simulation results to experimental results, some proper constitutive material parameters such as initial dislocation density, dislocation source length, the critical resolved shear stress were suggested. For the case of  and [2-1-12] orientation, dislocation feature in the pillar during the deformation was exhibited and strain burst was discussed.