Thèse de doctorat en Psychologie
Sous la direction de Jean-Michel Boucheix.
Soutenue le 25-11-2011
à Dijon , dans le cadre de École doctorale E2S Environnements, Santé, STIC (Dijon) , en partenariat avec Laboratoire d'Etude de l'Apprentissage et du Développement - CNRS UMR 5022 (Dijon) (laboratoire) .
Le président du jury était Patrick Bonin.
Le jury était composé de Frédéric Merienne, Jean-Noël Foulin.
Les rapporteurs étaient Jean-Christian Bastien, Mireille Betrancourt.
Comprehension d'animations complexes : signalisation, segmentation et présentations en 2D et 3D
Pas de résumé en français
The goal of our studies was to test the effect of segmentation, cueing, and 2D/3D presentations to foster complex animation rocessing. The material was an upright mechanical piano system. We used an eye tracking system which provides information about learners’ attention direction during the animation processing. We analyzed the effect of the format presentations and the eye movements during learning. Based on animation and multimedia research background, four experiments were conducted. In the first experiment the effect of the presentation of simplified external representations on learning from complex animation was investigated. Experiment two and three aimed at studying the cognitive processes involved in learning to complex mechanism system with new cueing techniques with spatial-temporal colored tokens. In the fourth experiment, 2D and 3D presentation of the same animated content were compared. Results of these experiments showed that (1) the use of a dual format presentation is better for developing a dynamic mental model from the animation than a single format, (2) the signaling strategies using cued tokens of dual format can guide efficiently learner’s building of mental model and can enhance learner’s comprehension of complex system, (3) a sequential format presentation followed by an animation format presentation helps the learner to understand the key stages of a dynamic process and to create a high quality mental model, (4) 3D animation presentation is better than 2D animation presentation to direct attention on relevant component of the animation. For depth processing, comprehension with 3D animation presentation is better than 2D animation format. Eye tracking measures provided insights into how people understood and learned complex systems. The analysis of eye tracking also contributed to the understanding of the subject’s perceptual processing during learning. Overall, results provide a significant contribution in the field of learning with complex animation. Recommendations in the ergonomics area for the design of animations are proposed.