Thèse de doctorat en Sciences des matériaux
Sous la direction de Josiane Villoutreix.
Soutenue en 2008
à CNAM .
Characterization of the touch of polymeric surfaces, tries of correlation between sensory analysis and physical measurements. Development of material which touch "soft"
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= Directeur de thèse Josiane Villoutreix
In consideration of various current criteria such as durability and comfort, always taken into account during the purchase of a vehicle, nowadays nex criteria called sensory feelings such as smell and touch occupie a growing position. The present study deals with the evaluation of touch and more particulary touch of plastics, widely used in car cockpits. According to more recent technology researchs, only sensory analysis allows a good caracterization of touch , but this analysis is particulary difficult to implement. That's why we try to confort results by valuing touch with convenient physical measurements such as rubbibg and roughness tests. The first part of this work consists in proving tat the reliability of the sensory analysis results from definite criteria (repeatibility, consistency, precision of analysis). Then, we determine the rubbing coefficient and evaluate the roughness of surface of various samples. This study encloses a statistical field in order to try and present the reliability measurement processes. Then, we try to establish a relationship between the results obtained firstly with sensory analysis such as "Slippery" "Rough" descriptors and secondly with instrumental measurements. In the second part, we study the imrovement of the touch of propylene formulations used in car cockpits. In this way, we try to obtain directly a surface material, without coatin, able to replace components coated with "soft" touch paint or zequivalent. We also verify that the mechanical properties required for applications are in good accordance witth waited values