Contribution a la description des langues germaniques : problemes de diachronie nordique

par Christophe Bord

Thèse de doctorat en Linguistique

Sous la direction de Régis Boyer.

Soutenue en 1995

à paris 4 .

    mots clés mots clés


  • Résumé

    Le but du travail de recherches (presente ici pour l'obtention du doctorat en etudes scandinaves) est de mettre en evidence les principaux moments de l'evolution historique du rameau septentrional des langues germaniques, du proto-germanique jusqu'a l'epoque actuelle, tout en discutant les problemes les plus epineux de cette evolution et en rendant compte d'un maximum de donnees, lingusitiques et extra-linguistiques, a chaque fois qu'elles semblent pertinentes et eclairent methode et analyse. Apres une partie introductive (0. ) qui justifie l'approche sociolinguistique (ici au sens le plus large du terme) choisie dans le cadre de la perspective diachronique, suivent deux autres chapitres definitoires (1. Et 2. ) dans lesquels on analyse d'abord le cadre geographique, linguistique, historique et humain, puis la problematique de la periodisation. Le reste du travail (chapitre 3. A 7. ) l'histoire des langues nordiques en la presentant comme le produit evolutif de facteurs ubterbes et externes au premier rang desquels se detachent la transformation de l'accent melodique indo-europeen en accent d'intensite en germanique ainsi que les lourdes influences allemandes et la volonte de domination politique et culturelle du danemark. Enfin, les soixante dernieres pages traitent des relations et du travail de de planification linguistiques internordiques, brossent une esquisse des principales caracteristiques du nordique dans l'ensemble germanique et presentent comparativement les structures phonologiques et morphologiques du scandinave contemporain dans ses deux vareites centrales, l'islandais et le norvegien.


  • Résumé

    The aim of the present doctoral dissertation is ot delineate the momentous phases of the evolution of the northern branch of the germanic languages, from the proto-germanic past to the present, and to discuss some of the more complex problems of this evolutionwhile providing as much linguistic - internal and external - evidence as possible wgebever relevant to and illustrative of both method analysis. The introductory chapter (0. ), in which the internal external approach is presented in a diachronic perspective, is followed by two other chapters (1. And 2. ) Which lay out the geographical, historical, linguistic, and human background as well as the problems posed by the chronological ordering ('periodisierung') of linguistic evolution. The remainder (chapters 3. - 7. ) of the work is devoted to the history of the nordic languages seen as the product of the interplay between internal and external factors, amonf which the transformation of the indo-european melodic accent into the germanic dynamic accent as well as the weight of the german influences, and the consequences of the repeated attemps by denmark at political, hence also linguistic, dominition over the rest of scandinavia stand in the foreground, and run through the history of scandinavian like 'leitmotive'. The last sixty pages analyze internordic linguistic relationships and language planning efforts; they also offer a summary of the main characteristics of scandinavian within the germanic language family as well as a comparative sketch of the phonological and morphological components in two - deemed central - varieties (icelandic, norwegian) of contemporary scandinavian.


  • Résumé

    The aim of the present doctoral dissertation is ot delineate the momentous phases of the evolution of the northern branch of the germanic languages, from the proto-germanic past to the present, and to discuss some of the more complex problems of this evolutionwhile providing as much linguistic - internal and external - evidence as possible wgebever relevant to and illustrative of both method analysis. The introductory chapter (0. ), in which the internal external approach is presented in a diachronic perspective, is followed by two other chapters (1. And 2. ) which lay out the geographical, historical, linguistic, and human background as well as the problems posed by the chronological ordering ('periodisierung') of linguistic evolution. The remainder (chapters 3. - 7. ) of the work is devoted to the history of the nordic languages seen as the product of the interplay between internal and external factors, amonf which the transformation of the indo-european melodic accent into the germanic dynamic accent as well as the weight of the german influences, and the consequences of the repeated attemps by denmark at political, hence also linguistic, dominition over the rest of scandinavia stand in the foreground, and run through the history of scandinavian like 'leitmotive'. The last sixty pages analyze internordic linguistic relationships and language planning efforts; they also offer a summary of the main characteristics of scandinavian within the germanic language family as well as a comparative sketch of the phonological and morphological components in two - deemed central - varieties (icelandic, norwegian) of contemporary scandinavian.

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La version de soutenance existe sous forme papier

Informations

  • Notes : Publication autorisée par le jury

Où se trouve cette thèse ?

  • Bibliothèque : Université de Paris-Sorbonne Paris 4. Service commun de la documentation. Bibliothèque Serpente.
  • Consultable sur place dans l'établissement demandeur
  • Cote : BUT 3219
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